Russia escalates its bombardments of Kharkiv and Ukraine’s energy infrastructure

In March and April, Russia escalated its bombardment of Kharkiv, the biggest city in eastern Ukraine. The Kremlin’s intention of making it a “grey zone” makes it unsuitable for people to live there, according to The Economist.

The intense Russian bombardments of Kharkiv city are marked by concerns about US military assistance to Ukraine, which is still not approved by Congress. 

Russian bombardments of Kharkiv

A pivotal and tragic moment occurred on March 27, when Russian troops launched at Kharkiv glider bombs that could inflict massive damage from a long distance. Since that date, Russians used highly destructive aerial bombs against Kharkiv many times.

Missile strikes destroyed Kharkiv’s energy facilities after a week of shelling with glide bombs, rockets, and drones that claimed many lives. Kharkiv’s resilience was confirmed by Mayor Ihor Terekhov, who observed that the city’s residents remain steadfast in the face of Russian terror missiles and bomb attacks.

The local authorities succeeded in giving their citizens access to electricity despite the difficulties of restoring power in the absence of operational power plants. Mayor Terekhov refrained from discussing the specifics of this achievement to avoid potential targeting by Russians.

Russian bombardments of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure

By utilizing high-precision missiles to target power facilities in places that are less fortified than Kyiv, Russia has modified its strategy for targeting Ukraine’s energy infrastructure. The Financial Times suggests that the full repair of some facilities might not occur until the next winter.

According to Ukrainian officials, although Moscow’s damage is not as bad as it was previously, it is still worse than what occurred in the winter of 2022–2023. There is little doubt that Russia’s current goal is to cause irreversible harm.

Russia attacked seven thermal power plants (TPPs) between March 22 and 29, all of which were outside of Kyiv, which has one of the strongest air defense systems in the nation. According to media reports, Russian missiles also targeted two hydroelectric power plants.

It’s clear that Russia’s main goal is to destroy civilian and energy infrastructure in Ukraine and use this as pressure on the Ukrainian government in the war.

Ukraine lacks air defense systems and modern fighter jets (long-awaited, promissed, and approved F16s are yet to arrive) to cover all the country and protect cities from Russian bombs and missiles.

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